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Battle description from Wikipedia
Map
Eye witness account
Roll of Kentucky Mounted Volunteers by Bonnie Snow
Route traveled by Kentucky Mounted Volunteers

The Battle of the Thames, also known as the Battle of Moraviantown, was a decisive American victory in the War of 1812 which took place on October 5, 1813, near Chatham, Ontario in present-day Canada.

William Henry Harrison's force totaled at least 3,500 infantry and cavalry. Harrison had two regular infantry brigades under generals Duncan McArthur and Lewis Cass. Colonel Richard Mentor Johnson commanded the Kentucky cavalry; five brigades of Kentucky militia were led by Isaac Shelby, the sixty-three year-old governor of Kentucky and a hero of the American Revolutionary War.

Procter had about 800 soldiers along with about 500 American Indians led by Tecumseh. The British soldiers were becoming increasingly demoralized and Tecumseh's warriors grew even more impatient with Procter for his unwillingness to stop and fight, giving Procter reason to fear a mutiny by the warriors.

On October 4, Tecumseh skirmished the Americans near Chatham, Ontario to slow the American advance. The warriors were quickly overwhelmed and Procter's aide Lieutenant Colonel Augustus Warburton lost his supplies and ammunition to an American raiding party. On October 5 Procter formed the British regulars in line of battle at Moraviantown and planned to trap Harrison on the banks of the Thames, driving the Americans off the road with his cannons. Tecumseh's warriors took up positions in a swamp on the British right to catch the American's in the flank.

General Harrison surveyed the battlefield and unconventionally ordered James Johnson (brother of Richard Johnson) to make a frontal attack against the British regulars. Despite the Indians' flanking fire James Johnson broke through; the British cannon having failed to fire. Immediately Procter and the British turned and fled the field, many of them surrendering.

Tecumseh remained and kept up the fighting. Richard Johnson at the head of about 20 cavaliers charged into the Indian position to draw attention away from the main American force, but Tecumseh and his warriors answered with a volley of musketfire that stopped the cavalry charge in its tracks. Fifteen of the men were killed or wounded and Johnson himself was hit five times. Johnson's main force became bogged down in the mud of the swamp. Tecumseh was killed in this fighting; The main force finally made its way through the swamp and James Johnson's troops were freed from their attack on the British. With the American reinforcements converging and news of the death of Tecumseh spreading quickly the Indian resistance quickly dissolved. Mounted troops then moved on and burned Moraviantown, a peaceful settlement of Christian Munsee Indians, who had no involvement with the conflict.

 

 

 

 

Eye Witness Account of the battle.
Lincoln County, Ky., Oct 22, 1859
To the editor of the Louisville Journal.

"I commanded a company of 144 volunteers, in the Battle of the Thames, in Col. Johnson's Regiment; they are mounted riflemen. In enlisting my company, I had collected 133 men, when an old Indian fighter named Col. Whitley (miscalled Maj. Whitley in the above mentioned article), avowed his determination of going. In vain his friends attempted to deter him. He had acquired a taste for Indian fighting (having already figured in seventeen battles), and was determined to go. He accordingly enlisted, but being so old a man, the company voted him free of camp duty. This, connected with the fact that all discipline was slack among the volunteers, might erroneously lead a stranger to suppose that he was "fighting on his own hook." This man had few faults and many virtues, conspicuous among the latter was his dauntless bravery, amounting almost to recklessness.

After we forded the Thames, Whitley caught sight of four Indians on the opposite side and lingered behind, trying to get a shot at them. We went on, and when we had gotten about a mile on our road we were overtaken by Whitley, who rode up with a triumphant air, holding aloft the scalp of an Indian. He gave me the account of having killed the Indian, in a singularly venturesome manner. I reprimanded him for it, and recieved for an answer: "Don't fear, Captain, the ball is not run nor the powder made that is to kill me." This was a favorite saying of the old fellow. He was a complete a fatalist as either of the two Napoleons. This, I think proves that Capt. Ferguson and I refer to the same man.

Colonel Johnson charged upon the Indians. They were the only foes we had, but they were enough, as the numbered us about three to one. [ Error: this advance by Johnson, numbering about half (or near 500) of his regiment was met by approximately the same number of Indians, although Davidson was probably referring to his own company.]

Colonel Johnson divided his men. He and Lt. Col. Johnson (his brother) arranged it that Colonel R. M. Johnson was to charge the Indians and Lieut. Johnson the British. Colonel Johnson was wounded in the very commencement of the charge, before the two lines had come in close contact, and was immediately borne from the field, his brother, next in command, then leading the charge, and commanding the regiment the remainder of the day. After Colonel J. was wounded, he was succeeded in the command (in our part of the field ) by Major Thompson of Scott County ( an uncle of Johnson's I believe).

We were posted at the extreme right, in a dense forest, with thick undergrowth. A short time after the charge commenced, and in the heat of the battle, I saw Johnson pass, supported on his horse, badly wounded. He was immediately borne from the field. I think Mr. Hamblin is incorrect in saying that Johnson's horse fell on the field. The horse on which he was carried off was a white one, with a terrible looking wound in his side, with the blood streaming at every step. I have always understood that he [the horse] did not fall util he reached the river-bank, when (Johnson being taken off) he fell, and immediately died. Dr. Theobald (of the south, near Lake Providence), was one of Colonel Johnson's supporters, and can probably settle the question. [An editorial note was added here by Gen. Leslie Combs, who edited Davidson's account, to the effect that:

Dr. Theobald states that he was surgeon's mate of Colonel Johnson's regiment;
went with him in his charge, and saw him wounded in the first fire of the enemy.
Afterward took his holsters and pistols from his saddle-bow when his horse fell and
died, and carried them back to camp; bothe of the pistols being loaded. This being
so, it is certain that Colonel J. did not shoot Tecumseh, or any other Indian, in
the battle. Davidson and Theobald are men of unquestionable veracity, and are
still alive. I know nothing myself of the facts. The Johnsons were both brave
men.--Leslie Combs, June 7, 1860. [Gen. Combs was himself a captain at
the time of the Battle of the Thames.]

Soon after Johnson was carried off, the Indians charged on us and one of them shot and killed Col. Whitley who fell near my horse's feet. The Indians sprang forward to scalp him, which I endeavored to prevent by striking him with my sword, but he evaded the blows, and persisted in his attempt, until a man by the name of Massey [Lt. Massie], from Georgetown, aimed at him under my horse's belly and shot him dead.

I will now proceed to tell you who I think did kill Tecumseh. In my company was a private of the name of David King. He was a splendid specimen of backwoods man, brave as Caesar, an honest man, an unnerving marksman. Whilst we were awaiting another charge from the Indians, King loading his gun, put in his ball, forgetting the powder, and had no means of drawing the ball. He was much vexed and told me about it, saying: "Captain, what shall I do?" I told him Whitley had a fine gun, but it was hazardous to attempt to get it. He immediately crawled toward Whitley, keeping the body between him and the Indians, and succeeded in getting his gun and shot-pouch, and regaining his tree. The Indians peppered the spot with balls, but fortunately none hit him. He and some five or six of his comrades asked permission to go a little further to the right, as they wished to prevent the Indians flanking us. They outnumbered us so far, that it was with great difficulty we could keep from being surrounded. I detached them a short distance to the right, but their eagerness to get to the Indians made them move faster than the left wing; on perceiving which, I started toward them to warn them. I was afraid they might be cut off from the rest of the company. When I got about half way to them, I heard a fellow named Clarke, exclaim: "Look out, King! An Indian is aiming at you!" Whereupon, the Indian turned to fire upon Clarke, thereby exposing his left breast to King's aim, who instantly fired, and as the Indian fell, King exclaimed: "I've killed one damned yaller Indian booger!"

(I should have mentioned above that it was Whitley's custom to load his gun with two bullets, and that when King got the gun, it was cocked, but not discharged. He therefore used the charge that Whitley put in.) I got the men in the right place, and soon returned to my other men. I was soon after severely wounded three times, and saw no more of King and his comrades until after the battle.

That evening, I was lying on the field, feeling (like Charles Lamb) "ratherish unwell," when some of my men, among them King, came to hunt for me. Whilst they were getting ready to carry me off, King said to me, "Captain, I wish you would let us go by and see the Indian I killed; I wish to see if I made a good shot. If I did, two of old Whitley's balls went in at his left nipple. I took aim by it, and if the yaller devil has any knives, I want them." At first, being in great pain, I demurred, telling him I knew he could not find the Indian, and if he could, he couldn't identify him. "Oh!, yes, Captain," he replied. "My Indian is right behind that old dead tree," pointing to one about fifty yards off. It being on line of march to the camp, I consented. When we got there, we found the Indian behind the tree. They turned him over, and sure enough, his left breast was pierced by two balls, about half an inch below the left nipple. The Indian was plainly, but more comfortably dressed than the rest of the Indians, having on the finest wampum belt I ever saw...next day Mike (my brother) and Charles A Wickliffe, of Bardstown, determined to have a look at "King's Indian." They went to the spot, and found the Indian. Whilst they were looking at him, Gen Harrison and two British officers came up, and one of the latter exclaimed: "I believe that is Tecumseh!" The other also thought it was him...They agreed that this was Tecumseh...Because Tecumseh was killed where Johnson made his charge, Johnson got the credit of killing him, and as there was great rivalry between Shelby's and Johnson's corps, we were glad that the Colonel of our regiment got the credit for it. King never cared a cent for it, and I thought it made no difference who killed him. It is only at the request of friends that I make this public. King brought Whitley's gun home, and restored it to his family. Some of Whitley's descendants are living in this County. King moved to Tennessee, and died there some twelve years ago. All his comrades who were with him when he shot the Indian are dead, but there are a number of persons in this County who have heard it from their lips.

I have to employ an amanuensis, and it may be that some mistake has crept into this account; but I have heard it carefully read, and I believe it to be a true statement of what I know concerning the matter.

Respectfully, James Davidson

Route traveled by the Kentucky Mounted Volunteers

Roll of Kentucky Mounted Volunteers
PLEASE NOTE: I have posted the following here because I recognize several of the names as Pendleton and what because Grant County in 1820, citizens. I am sure there are many men listed here who were from surrounding counties. If youhave arrived here by a link, please use your back button to return to the site you entered from. Bonnie Snow
http://www.rootsweb.com/~kypendle/mountjoy.htm

Roll of Field and Staff, Mountjoy's Regiment, Kentucky Volunteers, of the War of 1812, an Notes on Organization and Record of service, raised in pursuance of the address of 31st of July, 1813, of Isaac Shely, Governor of Kentucky, and rendezvoused at Newport, Kentucky, August 31, 1813 - Commanded by Colonel William Mountjoy.
PLEASE NOTE: I tried to transcribe this as it was written, unfortunately, my copy of the following has some daa that was very difficult or impossible to read so there may be errors. Also, the numbers 3 & 8 look identical is someinstances so use your own judgment when determining which is correct. Bonnie Snow

The following format is used:
Name - Rank - Date & Place of Muster - To what time engaged or Enlisted - Remarks


The following officers mustered in at Newport, Aug. 31, 1813 and were engaged until November 4, 1813
William Mountjoy.......Colonel
Conrad Overdewple....Major
Zachariah Eastin.........Major
David Todd.................Surgeon
James Metcalf...........S. Mate
John M. Garrad........Paymaster
Daniel Bourn.............Adjutant
William Dickison......Qr. Master
Daniel Ayres.............Qr. Master
John Conn................Qr. Master
Innis Woodward.......Qr. Master

ROLL OF CAPTAIN JAMES ARMSTRONG'S COMPANY, KENTUCKY MOUNTED VOLUNTEER MILITIA - COMMANDED BY COLONEL WILLIAM MOUNTJOY.
Note:The following enlisted at Newport, Aug. 29, 1813 and were engaged or enlisted to Nov. 3, 1813 unless otherwise noted.
Conrad Overturf.......Captain - Not accounted for.
Enos Woodward........1st Lieutenant
James Armstrong......2nd Lieutenant - Promoted to Captain.
Jesse Pigman.............Ensign - Promoted to Ensign.
James Logan.............1st Sergeant
Peter Mann...............2nd Sergeant
William Oden............3rd Sergeant
Harrod Newland.......4th Sergeant
Henry Oakwood.......1st Corporal
Daniel Hutchinson...2nd Corporal
Amos Shroff.............3rd Corporal
Frederick Dillman....4th Corporal
Privates:
Adams, William - Not Accounted for.
Alexander, Thomas
Allison, Edward
Allison, Isaac
Ambrose, Mordecai
Biddle, John
Brashears, William
Bruce, Joseph
Chalfant, Amos - Promoted to First Sergeant.
Cobler, Nimrod
Defore, Christopher - Mustered out Sept. 7, 1813. Furloughed at Springfield Sept. 5...very sick.
Defore, Nicholas - Mustered out Nov. 3, 1813.
Donton, Keely - Not accounted for.
Downard, John
Fegans, John
Fishback, Martin
Gill, Reuben
G_ _ _ge?, Benjamin
Hamilton, Samuel
Hammon, Richard
Hammond, Thomas
Hardstock, Peter
Hiles, Christopher
Hooton, James
Hunt, John, Jr.
Jackson, George
Jackson, James R. - Not accounted for.
Lancaster, Mallory
Lyons, James, Sr.
McDowell, Joseph
McKenney, Jarrard
McMillen, John
Miranda, Thomas
Norris, Archibald
Parker, Marshall
Parker, William
Ramley?, Samuel
Reeves, John
Sadler, John
Sallee, Jacob
Smith, George H.
Stites, William
Thomas, Robert
Thompson, Robert
(? possibly Thompson), Samuel
(? possibly Thompson), James -Not accounted for.
Wells, Robert
Wiley, Eli
Wilson, Matthew
Wirrick ?, George
Woodward, Innis

ROLL OF CAPTAIN JOHN H. MORRIS' COMPANY, KENTUCKY MOUNTED VOLUNTEER MILITIA - COMMANDED BY COLONEL WILLIAM MOUNTJOY.
Note:The following enlisted at Newport, Aug. 29, 1813 and were engaged or enlisted to Nov. 3, 1813 unless otherwise noted.
John H. Morris......Captain
Coleman Ayres......1st Lieutenant
Martin Boagland?..Ensign
William White........1st Sergeant
Lewis Ayres...........2nd Sergeant
John McGibbany...3rd Sergeant
James Sale.............4th Sergeant
PRIVATES:
Adkins, John
Ashby, Thomas
Baker, Jonathan
Baker, Nathan
Blakemore, Daniel
Boone, George - Died October 20th.
Buckhannon, Thomas
Butts, John
Coghill, Zachariah - Accounted for on muster-out roll of Jas. Cogrell.
Daley, John
Frazier, James
Gullion, George
Hensley, Samuel
Hogland, John
Hoover, Jacob
Lester, William
McDaniel, John
Mills, Elisha
Phillips, Joseph
Queshingberry, Jas. H.
Ray, Jennings
Rice, Jordon
Shelton, John B.
Spillman, Wesley - Not accounted for on muster-out roll.
Stafford, Henry
Tandy, Mark
?, ?
?, ?
Wilson, John
Wright, Jordon

ROLL OF CAPTAIN THOMAS CHILDER'S COMPANY, KENTUCKY MOUNTED VOLUNTEER MILITIA - COMMANDED BY COLONEL WILLIAM MOUNTJOY.
Note:The following enlisted at Newport, Aug. 29, 1813 and were engaged or enlisted to Nov. 5, 1813 unless otherwise noted.
Thomas Childers.......Lieutenant - Promoted to Captain.
John Mountjoy..........Ensign - Promoted to Lieutenant.
William Little.............1st Sergeant - Promoted to Ensign.
Joseph Brand............2nd Sergeant
James Henry.............3rd Sergeant
Goldsby Childers.......4th Sergeant
William Ellis................1st Corporal
Robert A. Taylor.......2nd Corporal
Henry Ellis.................3rd Corporal
PRIVATES:
Abbott, Fielding
Arnold, James
Asby, Coleman - Enlisted August 28, 1813
Ashbrook, Levy
Ashcraft, Amos
Ashcraft, Ichabod
Ashcraft, James
Beard, Hugh
Belew, Richard - Enlisted August 25, 1813 - Mustered out September 16, 1813
Boner, Charles - Enlisted August 26, 1813 - Not accounted for on muster out roll.
Brand, Thomas - Enlisted August 26, 1813
Burns, Samuel - Enlisted August 26, 1813
Buskirk, Lawrence - Enlisted August 26, 1813
Calvert, Charles B. - Enlisted August 26, 1813 - Promoted to First Sergeant
Campbell, Matthew - Enlisted August 26, 1813
Childers, James - Enlisted August 26, 1813
Childers, Joseph
Clark, Jeremiah
Colvin, B. Charles - Not accounted for on muster-out roll.
Colvin, Burket
Colvin, Henry
Crook, Robert
Duncan, Fielding - Mustered out October 29, 1813 - Sick at Delaware, and died October 29, 1813.
Ellis, John
Ellis, Laban
Ford, Thomas
Forsythe, William
Grigg, William - Enlisted August 25, 1813 - Mustered out October 9, 1813
Hart, Thomas
Hitch, John
Johns, Jacob
Jones, William
Kennedy, Jesse
Kennedy, John - Not accounted for on muster-out roll.
Lawless, Lewis W.
Lockwood, Isaac H.
Luckett, William
Mann, Richard - Enlisted August 25, 1813 - Mustered out October 9, 1813
McClanahan, John
Minor, James
Monroe, John
Moore, James
Moore, William
Morris, James
Morris, Richard
Nichols, Simon
Norton, David
Norton, Henry
Norton, William
Porter, Edward W.
Rush, Gabriel
Rush, Garland
Shoemaker, Laky
Southard, John
Thompson, John
Williams, Elijah

ROLL OF APTAIN WILLIAM HUCHISON, JR.'S COMPANY, KENTUCKY MOUNTED VOLUNTEER MILITIA - COMMANDED BY COLONEL WILLIAM MOUNTJOY.
Note:The following enlisted at Newport, Aug. 31, 1813 and were engaged or enlisted to Nov. 8, 1813 unless otherwise noted.
William Huchison, Jr........Captain
John Current.....................Lieutenant
William Thorton................Ensign
Columbus Eastin...............1st Sergeant
Joseph Kendrick..............2nd Sergeant
Achilles Chinn..................3rd Sergeant
Nathaniel Fisher...............4th Sergeant
Joseph G. Chinn...............1st Corporal
James Morris..................2nd Corporal
Lewis Kendrick................3rd Corporal
Joseph Ellis.......................4th Corporal - Mustered out as private.
PRIVATES:
Armstrong, William - Promoted Q. M. 4th Regiment, 29(?)th September
Ayres, Daniel - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Belt, Asa
Brown, Samuel D.
Buckhannon, Andrew
Cave, Richard
?, William
?, ?
Conn, John - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Conn, Thomas
Conn, William
Corbin, James
Cotton, John E.
Dinwiddie, John - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Eastin, Zachariah - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Ellis, John
Ellis, William
Field, John
Flournoy, Notley
Fry, Jacob
Garrard, Alexander B. or H.
Garrard, John M. - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Garrard, Stephen
Graham, John - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Henderson, Samuel
Hildreth, John - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Hill, Abraham
Hill, Ezekiel - Promoted to Corporal.
Hutchison, William
Jones, Marshall
?, ?
?, ?
Kizer, John
London, Thomas
McClintock, Joseph
McGuffy, Joseph - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Neal, Charles
Nesbit, Joseph
Nichols, Eramus
Odor, Joseph
Ogle, David
Palmer, Thomas
Parrish, Ezekiel
Patton, William
Peyton, Valentine - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Runnels, William - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Robinson, Andrew
Searight, George
Searight, Isaac
Smith, Joseph
Smith, Nicholas
Smith, Peter - Discharged at Urbana and sent home.
Smock, Jeremiah - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Summer, Daniel - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Talbott, Daniel
Todd, Davis - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Tomlinson, Isaac
Tucker, Edward
Tucker, John
Tucker, Thomas L.
?, ?
?, ?
?, ?
Wigginton, Peter

Williams, George - Not accounted for on muster-out rolls.
Williams, Stephen
Yates, Middleton

ROLL OF CAPTAIN SQUIRE GRANT'S COMPANY, KENTUCKY MOUNTED VOLUNTEER MILITIA - COMMANDED BY COLONEL WILLIAM MOUNTJOY.
Note: Th following enlisted at Newport, Aug. 31, 1813 and were engaged or enlisted to Nov. 8, 1813 unless otherwisenoted.
Squire Grant...................Captain
William Dickerson..........Lieutenant - Died November 1, 1813
Lowden, Carl.................. Ensign - Resigned September 9, 1813
Henry Spillman................1st Sergeant - Discharged September 10, 1813
Elijah Heradon................2nd Sergeant
Charles Daniels...............3rd Sergeant
William Posey..................1st Corporal
Thomas Organ................2nd Corporal - Accounted for as Private.
Thomas P. Leathers........3rd Corporal
PRIVATES
Anderson, Cornelius W.
Arnold, Benjamin J. - Left sick, and died November 5, 1813.
Baker, Thomas
Bowles, Swansey
Brent, Ellison
Coleman, Thomas B.
Daniel, Garret
Daniel, Travers
Foster, John
Gosney, Peter
Gosney, Robert - Discharged at Newport September 1, 1813 for want of a horse.
Grant, Isrsol Boone
Harwood, George
Holmes, Joseph - Mustered out September 1, 1813 - Left at Newport.
Kennedy, Thomas
Kenney, James
Kyle, Thomas
Leathers, John
Mann, Elijah
Marshal, John
Palmer, Thomas
Palmer, William
Peck, Peter
Rice, William
Rusk, John
Rust, James
Sapp, John
Thomas, Thomas
Vickers, James - Discharged at Fort Manny September 10, 1813
White, John - Deserted September 21, 1813
White, Joseph
Winston, Joseph

ROLL OF CAPTAIN THOMAS RAVENSCRAFT'S COMPANY, KENTUCKY MOUNTED VOLUNTEER MILITIA - COMMANDED BY COLONEL WILLIAM MOUNTJOY.

Note:The following enlisted at Newport, Aug. 31, 1813 and were engaged or enlisted to Nov. 8, 1813 unless otherwise noted.
Thomas Ravenscraft...........Captain
Samuel Hinkson...................1st Lieutenant
David Wilson.......................2nd Lieutenant
Samuel Snodgrass...............Ensign
John English........................Sergeant
Michael Wollery.................2nd Sergeant
Hugh Brown........................3rd Sergeant
William Wilson....................4th Sergeant
Zacheriah Randel................Corporal
John Humble.......................2nd Corporal
Thomas Ravenscraft..........3rd Corporal
Richard Hall........................4th Corporal - Mustered out as Private.
John Conn...........................Sergeant Major
PRIVATES
Adams, Isaac - Not accounted for.
Adams, John
Barnes, John - Not accounted for.
Bean, James
Bean, John
Berry, John
Boyd, Andrew
Burns, Garret
Burns, John
Casey, Archibald
Conner, Samuel
Conover, Joseph - Not accounted for.
Creechlow, John A.
Curry, James
Curry, William
Custard, George - Not accounted for.
Debuler, James C.
Dial, Alexandor
Dobenspecke, John
Drummond, John
Eaton, Morgan
Fishback, George
Garrison, Gagues
Hall, Samuel
Hambleton, Benjamin
Hinkson, John
Holladay, Moses
Jacques, Garretson
Lair, William - Promoted to Corporal.
Moffitt, Mathew - Not accounted for.
Martin, William, Sr.
Martin, William, Jr.
Mitchell, George - Not accounted for.
Nesbit, John
Rankin, Samuel
Ravenscraft, William
Ross, David
Sharp, Isaac
Sharp, Stephen
Smith, Jonathon
Smith, John
Spencer, Barnet
Sturgeon, Jeremiah
Wilson, James